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Meet Zoe, the Rare Golden Zebra

Meet Zoe, the only Golden Zebra know to be in captivity today. Zoe is not an albino, she has a condition called amelanism. Learn more about the wildcats of North America with pictures and videos.10 Most Aggressive Dog Breeds Temperament Ratings and Information

Are you looking for a new puppy and would like to know which dog breeds may not be the best with children. After doing much research, I have compiled a list of the 10 most aggresive dog breeds. I thought they were just beautiful! When I was researching them I found where they were being shot on sight by these farmers and ranchers, who just think they are killing their livestock. It is such a shame! I think the organization that is trying to help them is making some headway with the ranchers. I have been able to do a little on my cell phone, but you left me such a wonderful comment here, I wanted to wait to reply until I could leave you a reply you deserve. First of all I want to thank you for your kind comment and votes. I am glad you found my hub interesting, I love big cats too! I love the name Festus for your cat, too cute. I have read a couple of your hubs and they are very good. I believe I did follow you, but I will be sure now that I can get on a real computer. I am happy to be one your followers as you have some very good and interesting hubs. Thank you so much for such a wonderful comment! I hope you have a great day! :)

An Elusive Wild Cat

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Hello, sg,

North America is home to four species of wildcats. The Bobcat, Lynx, Ocelot and the Puma or Cougar are considered native to North America. Zoe is not an albino, she has a condition called amelanism. The buffalo were nearly eradicated in the 19th century due to hunting and now are rAmusing Names of Animals

Caracal's PreyCaracals main prey are hydrax, hares and birds. However, they have been known to prey on chickens, young sheep and goats. What the farmers don't know is that the caracals that are not preying on the livestock actually protect the region from other predators that do, such as wild dogs and other smaller predators. The caracal is best known for it's skill in hunting birds. It is able to leap up and snatch a bird right out of the air. They are surprisingly easy to tame and because of their skill in hunting birds, this has led to many caracals being trained to hunt game birds for the Persian and Indian royalty.

Caracal Population FallingHowever, recently, their population in the farmlands of southern Nambia are beginning to suffer. Instead of them being the hunter, they are being the hunted. By what you ask, by livestock farmers and ranchers.

General InformationThe caracal is a beautiful and elusive wild cat that lives in Africa, Arabia, central Asia and central India. The caracal is a medium sized wild cat and is noted for it's beautiful elongated, tufted black ears. The male caracal will weigh between 30 and 40 pounds while the female weight around 25 to 30 pounds. They are approximately 25 to 35 inches in length and have a tail that is about one third of their body length. The word caracal comes from the Turkish word, karakulak, for "black ear". The caracal belongs to a lineage that dates back almost nine and a half million years, which makes it one of the oldest memebers of the family, felidae. Little is known about the caracal as they are rarely seen in the wild.

kenneth avery 4 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

Sometimes animals have rather unusual names. Below is a list of some amusing animal names. The list contains their names as males, females, babies and groups. I really found this rather interesting and sometimes really funny.

Raising AwarenessThere is currently a documentary conservation project in the works to raise awareness of the role of the caracal in the Nambian area. The documentary will highlight the work being done by this researcher to raise awareness and educate the locals about the caracal. If the population of caracals is decimated, the regulatory system for the area will lose its main predator and there will be an even larger loss of livestock. The conservation project has been successful in raising more than $5,000. to help them with the documentary. As a result of the plight of the caracal being brought to the forefront, many of the ranchers have already welcomed the researchers and are ready to talk.

wonderful read here. Voted up and all the way. I was never aware of this animal before reading your hub. I love cats, and have one named Festus, my sidekick, but I really love big cats like this one.

Shoot on SiteLivestock farmers and ranchers have re acted with a "shoot on sight" attitude. A young researcher who has been working with the caracals, had radio collared several of her cats to track where and what they are hunting. One of her cats was shot and killed on a nearby farm when it was seen just crossing the territory. The collar showed the caracal was not preying on the neighbors livestock. Some ranchers are also using traps similar to bear traps that will snap shut on the leg of any animal that steps into the trap. This animal, whatever it may be, is left to die a slow death due to slow blood loss, dehydration or from another predator. This is most definitely not the right answer.

Livestock farmers and ranchers are blaming the caracal for the killing of some of their livestock. What the livestock farmers in Nambia do not understand is that the caracal has a specific diet and livestock is not one of their Women Canada Goose Kensington Parka Graphite Nz Sale preferences. They can actually be easily deterred from preying on livestock.

You May Also EnjoyThe Four Wildcats of North America

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I got off to a flying start as we sped along beside the river Exe three sacks of winkles, the day's harvest of a man wading about in the mud. I know my winkles. I once collected a sackful during a morning's work from an estuary in Cornwall, but neglected to tie up the end of the sack. When I came back in the afternoon to pick it up they'd all escaped and were nowhere to be seen.

Winkles aren't mentioned in the guide, but seconds later I spotted an ''elegant'' fallow deer, then another, then a herd of perhaps 200 of them, assiduously grazing in the grounds of Powderham castle, their fluffy white under sided tails glowing orange in the late afternoon sun. They weren't wild ones, but a wonderful sight all the same. "Look!" I said to the chap sitting across the aisle absorbed in his broadsheet. He looked, saw, cocked his eyebrows and returned to his paper.

Sadly, the statuesque heron was not at his post when we crossed the river, and the besieging army of moles were remaining in their tunnels, as we were in ours, soon after departure for quite some time. As we started moving again and headed out into open country, however, I kept an especial eye out for Muntjac deer (Muntiacus reevesi), not having knowingly seen one before. To help me identify these small and secretive animals, the leaflet had a helpful colour photograph with a caption telling me that the Muntjac is also known as the barking deer.

Armed with a handy leaflet, binoculars and insect repellent, Jeremy Clarke tries out the 'nature trails' launched on 10 of Britain's busiest rail routes last week

After three quarters of an hour, however, we were already at Haywards Heath and I hadn't seen a thing. Well, I'd seen a few cows, and a pair of magpies, and an old washing machine (vetus machina lavans), and an orange hoarding advertising a travel website, and a man ambling along with a shotgun under his arm, but there was no sign of any of the exciting mammals and birds detailed in the London Brighton page. Perhaps the man with the gun had shot them all.

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And here deep in the Sussex commuter belt

It was only as the train pulled into Brighton station that I spotted one of the creatures highlighted in Tracking Wild Britain a seagull. What sort of gull remained a mystery. For although seagulls get a mention in the guide, no individual species is identified; they are airily dismissed by the catch all phrase ''various gulls''.

At Burgess Hill, a uniformed lady came through the carriage holding open a large polythene bag and inviting passengers to lob their rubbish into it. I showed her the relevant page in Tracking Wild Britain. If anyone could vouch for the claim that if one paid attention the London to Brighton service was like an east African safari, it would be this woman, Angelina, who went there and back all day, like a yoyo. "Have you, in all the time you've been working on this service, ever seen any of these animals?" I said. She Men Canada Goose Chilliwack Bomber White Nz Online wrinkled her nose and studied the text and the photographs on the opposite page, then shook her head doubtfully. "Not even a rabbit?" I pleaded. About rabbits she was definite. "No," she said. ''Never."

'As the train pulls out of Victoria and you cross the Thames, look out for the statuesque grey heron standing motionless at the edge of the water waiting for an unsuspecting fish to pass by.'' A typical sentence, this, from Tracking Wild Britain, a handy new leaflet, jointly compiled by the RSPB and Mammals Trust UK, highlighting which birds and mammals the weary commuter can expect to see on 10 of the busiest rail routes if he troubles to look out of the window.

Unlikely as it may seem, the London to Brighton run, according to the leaflet, is teeming with wildlife. Once he's got the statuesque heron (and maybe even the unsuspecting fish) under his belt, and if he keeps his eyes peeled, the commuter might also see cormorants, foxes, squirrels, rabbits, Muntjac deer, roe deer, and peregrine falcons. And that's not all. ''Encircling central London,'' the leaflet goes on excitedly, ''are populations of moles, which tend to be found in low lying land, rarely coming to the surface, but remaining in their tunnels and conspicuous by their tunnels' excavated earth molehills.'' Armed with leaflet, binoculars and insect repellent, I joined the scrum for the 5.15.

Unfazed and on a roll now, I eagerly scanned the sea at Teignmouth for pods of cavorting bottlenose dolphins. But that was it as far as Hayle in Cornwall where I saw a bewildered looking Canada goose standing alone in a meadow. Maybe I was sitting on the wrong side of the train or just plain unlucky. Anybody want to buy a pair of binoculars?

I went back on watch. Another claim made by the leaflet is that: ''Rail routes can provide green corridors for wildlife.'' But the embankments had been denuded of vegetation by fire, chain saws, and mechanical flails and sprayed with weedkiller. Every day, three million people in 20,000 trains hurtle through them at speeds of up to 125 miles per hour. Surely, no shy, secretive Muntjac deer in his right mind would make a leisurely migration along one of these corridors.

Bitterly disappointed, I took another train to Exeter, to see what wildlife the Exeter to Penzance line had to offer. The route to Exeter was not included in the guide so I didn't look out of the window. From Exeter onwards the guide promised wildlife a go go, including ducks, geese and swans; herds of ''elegant fallow deer, easily distinguished by their fluffy white undersided tail''; the ''elegant'' little egret; ''buzzards circling on raised wings or perhaps sitting on posts at the side of the railway"; plus, incredibly, bottlenose dolphins, which ''travel in groups of up to 25 and delight people lucky enough to see their playful behaviour".

"Do horses count?" said Brigitte, seated opposite, helpfully. "Were they wild ones?" I said, hopes soaring. She rather thought not. Alex, the Polish refreshments trolley lady, had not only never seen a Muntjac deer, she also had no conception of what one was. She knew what a rabbit was, though, but said she had yet to see one from an English train.

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To bring you back to reality, there are pay telephones placed unobtrusively at the top of the mountain just in case you need to call the office or your broker or for dinner reservations. At lunch time you can check your equipment at ski corrals at two of Deer Valleys three lodges. All the amenities of a fine hotel have been incorporated into this ski resort.

The condos are privately owned but managed by the resort. All are luxurious, with fireplaces and individual hot tubs.


WRITING FROM DEER VALLEY, UTAH. Look out Gstaad. Stand back Aspen. The beautiful people have discovered a ski resort that takes the art of accommodating very seriously. In seven Discount Men Canada Goose Ontario Parka Tan New Zealand short years an upstart from Utah (of all places) has become the creme de la creme of ski resorts. Its called Deer Valley.

This devotion to the art of accommodating is evident when you first arrive. Uniformed valets unload your skis from your car to the ski racks in front of Snow Park Lodge, at the mountains base. Parking is close by, with a shuttle tram to transport the driver to Snow Park. The walkways around the lodge are heated to prevent the inconvenience of ice and snow. If you choose not to drive, transportation is as simple as waiting outside your condominium for the bus. The free transportation system runs between Deer Valley and Park City.

That Deer Valley reminds one of a fine hotel makes sense. The developer and manager is James Nassikas, the hotelier behind San Franciscos Stanford Court. In Deer Valley he has created an environment where the guest can relax, knowing he will be taken care of very well.

And on those days when theres a beautiful blue sky and your skis are lost in the areas famous powder, its, well, nirvana.

Accommodations in the lodge range from studios to four bedroom suites complete with kitchenettes. All have fireplaces. Rooms are done in

The philosophy here is to eliminate all of the things that people hate about skiing, says Chet Schneider III, a public relations manager, as we ride up the mountain on a padded chairlift. Market research indicates that skiers only spend four hours a day skiing. We offer quality in our food and lodging to make a total ski experience.

The lodge, known simply as Steins, is rustic and homey with overstuffed couches and leather chairs, beamed ceilings and enormous stone fireplaces. A cheeky boutique offers a full complement of Bogner one piece jumpsuits the

respectively. However, in these cafeterias, a waiter actually serves that second or third cup of coffee tableside and clears your dishes as the meal progresses.

If thats true, it would be just one more accolade to shower on the already splendid quality of food here. Glitretind, the gourmet room in Steins, offers a bountiful buffet lunch for only $10.

Scandinavian country style, with pine furniture and huge quilted bedspreads on the canopied beds. All bathrooms have whirlpool spa tubs to massage those aching muscles. Or you can send for one of the lodges staff massuers or masseuses. They make house calls.

Crowds at the lift lines are forbidden. Ski passes are judiciously limited to a set number. There is no annoying wait at the lifts or dodging fellow skiers downhill. The runs are gloriously uncrowded. The result is that the skier and the mountain become one. There is a simpatico between the skier and the mountain.

After The Slopes

The day lodges, Snow Park at the base and Silver Lake at mid mountain, serve delicious food cafeteria style in the Huggery and Snuggery,

must have in ski fashion.

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From its inception, the resort was planned to be exclusive. The physical constraints of the area precluded endless development a la Vail or Aspen. There is a rather modest two tiered mountain, the top peaking at 9,400 feet, and a spectacular valley floor. Everything within the 6,700 acres has been meticulously planned. The esthetics of the two day lodges and one full service lodge on the mountain and the condominiums on the valley floor are impeccable. Deer Valley is self contained and self satisfied.

Privacy is essential in Deer Valley, where on any given day you may be sharing your chairlift with Jane Fonda, Bruce Springsteen or Bryant Gumbel. During my stay, Dr. Ruth Westheimer appeared at the lunch buffet in the Glitretind Room one day and pronounced, All of Steins soups are good for sex.

Deer Valley lies in the Wasatch Range, an easy 45 minute drive east of Salt Lake City. The Wasatch mountains are home to a number of fine ski resorts Snow Bird, Alta and neighboring Park City but none is quite like Deer Valley.

The main lodge is named after the director of skiing, Stein Eriksen. The 1952 Olympic champion has hung his medals a giant slalom gold and a silver picked up for the slalom in the lobby of the lodge and is active in the day to day operation of the resort. Norways most famous skiier may have just turned 60, but he doesnt look a day over 40.

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and Bresciani stays NDSU president

When Bresciani's status came up, Hagerott said he plans to meet with the NDSU president later this week to discuss "meaningful metrics" to measure progress toward improvement goals outlined by the board.

"It's all definitely doable, at least that's what I've seen," he said, referring to areas of improvement higher education board members identified when moving to postpone Bresciani's contract renewal decision until November. "It's the state board's decision."

Hagerott, a Navy veteran, later said he comes from a background in which the position, not the person, is what's important. He said NDSU will continue to succeed, no matter who serves as president.

"It's going to get hard," he said, referring to cuts that will follow a special legislative session in August, which Men Canada Goose Freestyle Vest Red New Zealand could force personnel cuts.

Hagerott met Wednesday, July 20, with The Forum Editorial Board to outline his initiatives, including some guidelines for how the state university system will handle impending budget cuts.

Budget cuts, including a 4 percent cut that already has been imposed and future cuts, are serving as a catalyst to improve efficiency and collaboration throughout the university system, Hagerott said.

Bresciani appears to have significant backing, the chancellor said, noting that he will meet with local business leaders. "Obviously, people feel very supportive," Hagerott said.

Bresciani has been in limbo since the board decided in late June to delay action on whether to extend his contract in light of concerns, including what members regarded as poor communications and signs NDSU's standing as a research university is slipping.

"I really do believe higher education is going to diversify the economy more than anything else, unless we find a diamond mine someplace," he said."It's all definitely doable, at least that's what I've seen," he said, referring to areas of improvement higher education board members identified when moving to postpone Bresciani's contract renewal decision until November. "It's the state board's decision."

Some campus presidents have already trimmed administration positions. The chancellor has asked presidents to head a variety of studies to guide improvements and to better unify the system. One avenue is to increase shared services. Another is to increase online course opportunities, so expertise at one campus can be widely available.

wetlandsOUTDOORS CALENDARopinionHeadlinesPort: We need a "None of the above" option on our ballotsOUR OPINION: Kudos to UND for photo findingsVIEWPOINT: Tobacco tax hike proposals ignore economic realityLETTER: North Dakota protest response shows Cavalry mentality LETTER: Let medical marijuana work in North DakotaFARGO Chancellor Mark Hagerott said he's "hoping it all works out" and Dean Bresciani remains president of North Dakota State University, but said the decision will be up to the State Board of Higher Education.

Bresciani has been in limbo since the board decided in late June to delay action on whether to extend his contract in light of concerns, including what members regarded as poor communications and signs NDSU's standing as a research university is slipping.

"I have great admiration for all the work he has done," Hagerott said of Bresciani, who took the helm at NDSU in 2010. "The school has done incredible things."

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It's been just a year since US Airways Flight 1549 inadvertently rendezvoused with a flock of Canada geese, sending the Airbus A320 splashing into what everyone now calls the "miracle on the Hudson." (And the geese into the great beyond.)

Wildlife populations growingBut officials also report steady increases in wildlife populations. In a report for 1990 2008, the Federal Aviation Administration and the US Department of Agriculture write:

"She's chased flocks of geese into the water," said Bob Hood, the airport's wildlife manager. "She's really good at her job and she really likes her job.".

Reported incidents include deer and coyotes on runways, but 98 percent involve birds.

Particularly since US Airways Flight 1549's water landing last January focused attention on the problem, pilots and air traffic controllers have been more inclined to report incidents involving birds and other wildlife.

(Personal note: As a student naval aviator on a solo flight in a jet trainer in Mississippi, I narrowly missed a deer that had jumped the fence and wandered onto the runway as I accelerated for takeoff. It came close to being a very bad day for both of us. Years later, when I was Women Canada Goose Expedition Parka Red New Zealand on the Monitor's "Small Plane, Big Planet" aerial adventure, we had to abort the landing of our small Cessna when a herd of zebra ambled across a dirt runway in Namibia.)

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Hero captain Chesley Sullenberger, his flight crew, and some of the passengers got together in New York Friday for a joyous and emotional reunion. Some were more than a little nervous as they rode a ferry out to that spot on the Hudson where their aircraft suddenly became a sinking vessel. At least eight people died, and six more were hurt.

The Southwest Oregon Regional Airport in North Bend, Ore., hired Filly a border collie whose official title is "wildlife management canine."

New York's Kennedy Airport reports the most number of bird strikes. Sacramento International Airport in California (which is along the Pacific Flyway for migratory birds) also has a high number of reported bird strikes.

If a 12 pound goose strikes an airliner going 150 miles per hour at lift off, the force would be that of a 1,000 pound weight dropped from a height of 10 feet, according to the FAA.

After US Airways 'miracle on the Hudson

"Many populations of wildlife species commonly involved in strikes have increased markedly in the last few decades and adapted to living in urban environments, including airports. For example, from 1980 to 2007, the resident (non migratory) Canada goose population in the USA and Canada increased at a mean rate of 7.3 percent per year. Other species showing significant mean annual rates of increase included bald eagles (4.6 percent), wild turkeys (12.1 percent), turkey vultures (2.2 percent), American white pelicans (2.9 percent), double crested cormorants (4.0 percent), and sandhill cranes (5.0 percent). Thirteen of the 14 bird species in North America with mean body masses greater than 8 lbs have shown significant population increases over the past three decades. The white tailed deer population increased from a low of about 350,000 in 1900 to over 30 million in the past decade."

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Aldyene married Ted Gullikson in 1957, and they lived with their family in Grand Forks on University Park. There she was active in church, scouts, PTA and was a hockey mom.

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Aldyene helped in the family businesses of Lucky 7 Shamrock and Ted's Hardware in Lyons. She enjoyed bringing her baked goods to share with the employees and customers. Aldyene and Ted moved to Lyons in 1998 and in 2000 retired and sold the hardware store to long time employee Lon Clark and his brother, Joe.

Aldyene Larson Gullikson

We would like to thank the palliative and TRU Community Care hospice staff and volunteers for their extraordinary and compassionate attention.

Memorial services will be held 11:00am Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at Central Longmont. Cremation entrusted to Ahlberg Funeral Chapel and Crematory. Inurnment will be at Lyons Cemetery. Memorial contributions can be made to Central Longmont or a favorite charity of your choice and sent in care of Ahlberg Funeral Chapel. She was born May 12, 1928 to Lillie Sandin Larson and Ole A. Larson in Grand Forks, ND. Aldyene graduated from East Grand Forks High School where she was proud to have played the french horn and also sang in the United Lutheran choir. She attended Kansas City Airline school and did secretarial work at the Bill Larson Company where she met and married Ernest S. Murphy on January 1, 1948. He was killed in an automobile accident in 1953.

Aldyene was a talented artist, seamstress and renowned cook. She enjoyed entertaining family and friends for holidays and other occasions.

Shortly after Aldyene was diagnosed with neuropathy and then cancer and other illnesses, all of which she valiantly fought.

In 1969 the family moved to Longmont. Among the organizations she served here were Encore Club, Wednesday Music Club and the Lions Lioness Club in Lyons. She was an active member of Central Presbyterian Church where she served two terms as a deacon and was co chair of the Sewing Guild, for which she enjoyed designing and sewing clothing from the donated fabric for children of migrant workers.

She is preceded in death by her parents, her brothers Randy and Loren and her sisters Doris and Arleene. She is also preceded in death by her son Jim Murphy (2003) and her daughter Laurie Valois (2007).

Aldyene was a talented artist, seamstress and renowned cook. She enjoyed entertaining family and friends for holidays and other occasions.

Aldyene Larson Gullikson of Lyons passed away October 24, 2014 at the TRU Community Hospice Care Center. She was born May 12, 1928 to Lillie Sandin Larson and Ole A. Larson in Grand Forks, ND. Aldyene graduated from East Grand Forks High School where she was proud to have played the french horn and also sang in the United Lutheran choir. She attended Kansas City Airline school and did secretarial work at the Bill Larson Company where she met and married Ernest S. Murphy on January 1, 1948. He was killed in an automobile accident in 1953.

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Aldyene will be remembered by her family and friends as a strong, courageous, warm and loving woman.

Survivors include her loving husband, Ted, sons David (Linda) Murphy and Teddy Gullikson, daughters Mitzi (Gordon) Dosher and Joey Gullikson. Grandchildren Marc (Jeanne) Valois, Amy (David) Spurlock, Sarah (Chris) Valois, Matt Valois, Mike (Jenny) Murphy, Heather (Ryan) Tellock, Megan (David) Hansen, Peter (Katrian) Dosher, Nathan (Krista) Dosher, eleven great grandchildren, four great, great grandchildren and many nieces and nephews. Also surviving are her brother in law David and his wife, Mary.

Aldyene married Ted Gullikson in 1957, and they lived with their family in Grand Forks on University Park. There she was active in church, scouts, PTA and was a hockey mom.

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Blue green algae are not true algae, but cyanobacteria. They are usually present in amounts so small they are harmless, but can undergo exponential growth spurts when exposed to nutrients contained in contaminants such as lawn fertilizer and Canada goose droppings that wash into waterways.

Fluorescent filaments of the organisms, known as cyanobacteria, began forming in the river last week, and by yesterday, they streaked the Esplanade lagoons a psychedelic green. The organisms secrete toxins that can irritate the skin, eyes, and ears of people who come in contact with it. Ingesting even a small amount of the tainted water could cause diarrhea, but a person would have to drink an enormous quantity to become seriously ill.

This year's outbreak is small compared with last year's, when more than 1 million cells per milliliter of water were recorded near the Museum of Science. State officials post advisories if cell counts exceed 70,000 cells per milliliter. So far, only one test result at the Charles River Dam on July 10 exceeded that count.

State officials Women Canada Goose Hybridge Lite Vest Topaz Nz Sale plan to post signs today at Magazine Beach in Cambridge and along the Esplanade on the Boston side, warning people to be on the lookout for the telltale flecks, filaments, and mats of blue green algae and to keep children and pets away from the water if they spot such indicators. State health officials say they have had no reports of any person or animal falling ill because of the outbreak. Fish and waterfowl appear unaffected.

Last week, tests showed little toxicity in the Charles. But since then, the bloom has visibly grown and may have become more potent, prompting officials to plan another round of tests today and tomorrow. Based on those tests, officials will decide tomorrow if the race is still on. State, federal and community environmental and health officials are gathering today to discuss the results of samples collected so far.

"We're seeing better clarity toward the mouth of the basin . . . but that is where we are seeing some of this algae," said Tom Faber, a water quality engineer for the US Environmental Protection Agency in Boston.

"The outbreak is disappointing, but I don't feel discouraged that we are not making progress in the river; we are," Bowditch said. "But this is the next thing we need to focus on."

algae may spoil Charles swim

The cleaner Charles may even be partly to blame. As water visibility improves, light can penetrate deeper to reach the microorganisms and jump start their growth, a federal environmental official said.

"This has the potential to affect the whole recreation season," said Kate Bowditch, director of projects for the Charles River Watershed Association, as she snapped pictures of the blue green algae downstream of the Harvard Bridge yesterday.

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The Charles was the inspiration for the 1960s Standells' song "Dirty Water," but the state and federal governments have since spent millions of dollars to scrub the river clean of litter, sewage, and industrial waste.

After an outbreak last year of toxic blue green algae forced the cancellation of the first ever Charles River swim race, organizers scheduled this year's event more than a month earlier to avoid a repeat. Now, two days before the race, the algae are back, threatening the event and the effort that transformed the river from an industrial era soup to a sparkling waterway in which people could do the breast stroke.

State and federal environmental officials suspect that this year's bloom is occurring now because of optimal conditions for growth: lots of sunshine, warm water, and low water levels that concentrate nutrients. Scientists are uncertain exactly why water levels are low, but say it appears related to rainfall totals upstream and the amount of water communities are using.

The EPA is about to release new guidelines that govern how much phosphorus, a key nutrient, can be in the river. Those guidelines are expected to spark efforts to control nutrients flowing from roadways, stormwater pipes and other sources.

"We need to reduce those levels of nutrients," said Bruce Berman, of Save the Harbor/Save the Bay, an advocacy group. "We're taking substantial steps to inform the public [about the outbreak] but we still need to do more to address this problem."

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"Those geese were down, just like us. Now, we see them coming back, too," Richards said. "But our present is still a struggle."

The Yurok field trip was actually launched with a Power Point briefing in the tribal headquarters at the river mouth. Visitors learned of the tribe's long struggle for recognition, reservation land and native rights and its present battle to have enough dam impounded water released to the Klamath to keep its wild salmon runs in a state of relative health.

Moods of the festival ranged from somber to awestruck to joyful and boisterous with that last surfacing potently at the Goose Gala in Crescent City's cultural center on Saturday night.

That pales next to the tenacity of the Aleutian cackling goose, the event's namesake. The species plummeted to a few hundred members on a tiny, rocky Alaskan isle after Russians brought fox fur farming to those home islands. Yet, survivors were found, then nurtured by measures of the Endangered Species Act. That prompted a 40 year recovery to 70,000 geese today. They were de listed from the ESA two years ago. Saturday, a small crowd of visitors stood in near freezing air on Point St. George, near Crescent City. They watched as the crest of Castle Rock seemed to writhe and levitate into the sky. But this was no illusion. It was Aleutians and the geese formed into long V's as some 8, 000 birds fluttered through a dawn sky skeined with rosy cirrus, flying off to munch on the grasses in ranch pastures along the Smith River.

The situation is helped, Hiser said, by the way resurgent geese now spread to other areas, such as Humboldt Bay and the Eel River and by certain pastures specifically cultivated to feed them. In the future, hunting seasons could be tailored to haze them off farms.

Besides celebrating natural resources, this festival reveals a core theme of tenacity. The festival itself is tenacious. Shorter and smaller than previous versions, this 2005 event was designed primarily as a fund raiser, so it could recover from debts and roar back in 2006.

More than 240 residents and visitors turned out to sample a banquet of locally produced foods, wines and art, then bid on an array of products and tours in a live auction.

Richards, his wife Viola and shared descriptions of life for their ancestors in this fertile, "land of milk and honey," the massacres that reduced the tribe to less than 200 survivors, and their gradual resurrection back up to 1,000 members of the Smith River Rancheria.

There's probably no finer local example of tenacity than the Tolowa. This tribal group, the next one north of the Yurok, dwelt in lands around the mouth of the Smith, until their ground was coveted by white settlers.

"They just keep coming. Simply amazing," murmured one woman as she watched a display of primordial abundance reborn.

At dawn on the fourth morning of the tribe's Needosh, a world renewal ceremony, in 1853, settler militias descended and slaughtered hundreds of Tolowa, then pitched their bodies into Yontocket Slough. The massacre was repeated two years later, at another principal village, Etculet.

"That devastation was horrendous," Richards said. "We are grateful to still be here. They could have finished the job, easy. Now, it is time for all to move toward forgiveness. We have no animosity in our hearts. But we wish our story to be told, not ignored."

The boats beached east of Pecwan Creek at Shrey gon, a traditional site where raw redwood plank houses flank a dance pit. Here, Brush Dances are performed for the blessing and healing of a Yurok child. Tribal executive secretary quietly spoke of the roles of men and women in the dance, the uses of ancestral regalia elaborate garments of buckskin, shell, bead and feather and the songs that bring down a blessing.

"Remember, the burden of this species' recovery has been mostly carried by a dozen local family farmers, who are also an endangered species," cautioned , a festival organizer and leader of this dawn outing. "Every bite of grass the geese nibble to fuel their migration back to Alaska is cash out of the farmer's pocket."

"My father was born on the other side of that little tree, about 1899," said Tolowa tribal elder . He led a walk to the Yontocket village site at present day Tolowa Dunes State Park.

"Results far exceeded my expectations," said Hiser. "This shows support. Our community appreciates our landscape and natural resources. Now we can hit the ground running for next year. We'll get to have four full days, and 80 field trips, not just eight."

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This taste of Native American life on the Klamath came courtesy of the festival's roster of field trips, which included bird and whale watching. The goose festival is one of a score of similar events annually held all around Northern California to celebrate charismatic species, from salmon to sandhill cranes, while educating the public about links between landscape, wildlife and human activity.

Besides a 50 acre patch of reservation lands returned when the Tolowa were federally recognized in 1983, the tribe has managed to purchase another 100 acres of their patrimony with proceeds from their casino. However, rising land prices may be moving that option further from reach.

Aleutian Goose Festival exposes participants to exciting lands

He tugged a bag of his own Chinook salmon jerky from the boat's glove box and handed out savory strips of dried fish. Men Canada Goose Expedition Grey Outlet Nz The boats hummed for an hour up the Klamath's sinuous curves, below mountains swathed with spruce, fir and redwood, their summits cloaked in mist. They passed remote villages where half of the 5,000 member Yurok tribe still live without electricity or phone lines and sometimes, even without roads.

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It wasn't that the Indians wanted the fishing to themselves. They cared little for it and still don't. Like the Sioux, who greeted Custer at the nearby Little Bighorn 112 years ago this month, they just didn't like having intruders on their land.

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The game is fly fishing, and most who have fished the Bighorn say there is no better place in the continental United States to play it not the Yellowstone, a little west of here; not the Madison, a little farther west, not any of the other wondrous waterways of the West.

"This is incredible," says Gardner Grout, waist deep after arriving this day with a dozen members of the Pasadena Casting Club, serious fishermen all. "This is the greatest fishing I've ever seen."

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For fly fishermen, a trip to the Bighorn is a pilgrimage. They come from coast to coast to wade in its waters, confirming their belief that fly fishing is the only pure fishing. After a day on the river, they wonder where it has been all their lives.

So the river was re opened, amid some hard stares during a two day standoff between unarmed Indians and federal marshals at the Two Leggin's Bridge and a few intimidating shots fired near fishermen from the bluffs along the river.

But the fishermen weren't about to give up. Supreme Court, which in 1981 ruled that the river was open to everybody.

She said, cheerfully: "When we lived in Denver, I thought I'd married a guy who went to work in a three piece suit. Next thing I knew, here we were."

Most anglers and guides use the rocker shaped, double ended McKenzie dories that must be controlled by oars in their drift downstream. In the first 13 miles, which form the heart of the river, motors and live bait are not allowed unless you're an Indian. After those 13 miles, he said, the fishing is still good but "the quality of the experience drops off."

One is the Bighorn Angler, owned by outfitter Mike Brooks and his wife Holly.

And the silty water, Gordon added, not only was "too thick to drink and too thin to plow, if you'll excuse an old line," but also was too warm for trout and fit only for carp and other species regarded by some anglers as trash fish.

FORT SMITH, Mont. The sun surrenders the Big Sky country to dusk, and the river comes alive with blips and plops of brown trout rising for their supper. Mayflies skate downstream on the surface, their wings set upright like tiny little sails.

It didn't take long for the word to reach the fly fishermen working the nearby rivers, but in 1975 a new problem arose: The Crow Indians closed the river.

Anglers Say Fly Fishing Here Is Only Wade to Go

As an uneasy peace settled, the river's reputation grew. The Bighorn trout Canada Goose Cheap Hybridge Lite Vest Nz phenomenon was just an accident, an artificial river born of technology and turmoil to became a haven for guys casting bogus bugs.

Paul Gordon, who works in the National Park Service visitor center at Fort Smith, said: "You weren't going to bother fishing the Bighorn before the dam. In the spring it would come through like a freight train, and in the summer it would go dry."

For The Record Los Angeles Times Sunday, September 13, 2009 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 4 National Desk 1 inches; 64 words Type of Material: Correction Home of the Week: The Home of the Week in the Sept. 6 Business section said the master bath of the Cheviot Hills home featured "Carrera marble floors." The floors are from the Manhattan Marble line. Carrara marble spelled that way is from the city in Italy of the same name. A number of Times articles have misspelled Carrara marble as Carrera.

The river has limited access by road and is best fished by boat. Non Indians are not allowed to venture onto shore above the high water mark, but few Indians are seen along the way.

All that changed when the dam came. The water cleared up, flowed constantly at a controlled level and, drawing off the bottom of the new Bighorn Lake, remained cold well into the blistering summers producing an excellent habitat for trout.

The fact is, it didn't exist as a premier trout fishery until 1965 and only started to thrive in 1981. Before 1965, when the Yellowtail Dam above Fort Smith was completed, the Bighorn was at best an insignificant backwater, winding northeast out of Wyoming and through 45 miles of the Crow Indian reservation.

"All the state wanted was the game management," said Gordon, who sells handmade Indian trinkets for local Crow at the visitor center. "They didn't want to own it. But the Supreme Court said, 'You own the riverbed.' "

The game begins in earnest, man trying to fool fish with imitation insects. Rods bend. Here and there a whoop! is heard as an angler hooks a big one.

Fort Smith is the base of operations. For a couple of years after the Civil War, it existed to offer protection to travelers on the Bozeman Trail. Now it's a loose settlement of wood frame tackle shops and stores with covered porches for lounging.

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For the Moravians, Christmas was a joyful but wholly religious occasion. These days, when the season is celebrated at Old Salem, the town is simply and sparsely decorated, as it was then fresh greenery on the fence around the town square and on the pump house, and wreaths on the doors of privately owned houses. Outdoors, the clearest indications of the season are the high spirits of all who pass by, and the 15 piece brass band that plays carols on the street corners and fills the town with music. At night, scattered bonfires provide light and warmth.

This dusty research comes alive each Christmas. In the morning, visitors can wander through the kitchens and watch dinner being prepared. In the home of Samuel Vierling, the town's respected physician and apothecary, a woman roasts coffee beans in a long handled, sheet iron contraption that she holds over the fire. A chicken hangs close to the coals by a string, one end tied around its legs, the other end attached to a hook above the hearth. Periodically, the cook bastes the bird with butter and gives it a gentle spin, so that it slowly twists on the string, first in one direction, then, as the string unwinds, in the other, thus roasting evenly on all sides. (As ingenious as the system was, it had its limits; the townspeople adjusted tastes to necessity and preferred their chicken medium rare.) Meanwhile, mustard potatoes and tart red cabbage simmer in pots hanging in the fireplace, and fresh gingerbread cools on the table.

From the start, Salem was primarily a religious community. The church owned the land and governed the inhabitants, which, in the early years, were limited to confirmed Moravians. The spiritual "family" took precedence over temporal ones; the community was divided into choirs, a Greek word for "group," according to age, sex and marital status: married people, single sisters, single brothers, widows, widowers and so on. Each choir had its own meetings for religious instruction, its own festal days, and tasks for which it was responsible. Some choirs lived together; there were dormitory style houses for single brothers and single sisters, which children joined at the age of 14 and where they remained until marriage. Second only to religion was work. In the midst of a wilderness, Salem was a community of master craftsmen: gunsmiths, tinsmiths, potters, brickmakers, carpenters, silversmiths, blacksmiths, weavers, bookbinders, paper makers, shoemakers, tanners, distillers and brewers. In short order the town dominated the commerce of the region.

Music is everywhere. In one house, two women play duets on a violin and a pianoforte. In the tavern, three men play a hammered dulcimer, a drum and a flute. Warmed by a bonfire behind the tavern, a young man strums a dulcimer and sings the woeful ballad of a henpecked husband. In the single brothers' house, a huge pipe organ carried pipe by pipe in a covered wagon from Pennsylvania in 1798 thunders out hymns of the season.

It wasn't easy. For example, an old receipt ("receipts" were for food, "recipes" were for medicine) might call for "butter the size of an egg," a "glass" of milk, 3 "teacups" of sugar, 2 teaspoons of "pearl ash" or, simply, "spice." The staff tracked it all down: They pored over handwritten scraps of paper, searched through old cookbooks in household inventories, reviewed the books of the town merchant, examined the family crockery, and found what they needed. It seems there were 10 eggs to a pound the equivalent of those now graded "small"; butter that size equals 1/4 cup. A "glass" was a wine glass, or 1/4 cup, and a teacup held 3/4 cup. Pearl ash was an edible form of potash used as leavening (baking soda is the modern equivalent).

"Wash and peel the potatoes. Cut them into round slices, but not too thin, and rinse them again in fresh water. With finely chopped parsley root and onions, set the potatoes [in some water] over the fire and let them cook until soft, but not until they begin to fall apart. Drain off the water. Melt some butter in a shallow pan, pour the potatoes in, and let them simmer a little in the butter. Stir in 2 spoonsful of powdered mustard and just enough hot meat broth to equal [but not cover] the potatoes. Season with salt. If this should make too much liquid, bring to a boil and reduce. Pour the potatoes and mustard into a deep serving dish. In a sauce pan, saute chopped parsley and onion in butter for a few minutes, but not over a very hot fire. Pour this evenly over the potatoes and serve."

An Old Salem Christmas

In the village tavern, built to house the traders and buyers who came to Salem, a more elaborate meal is in process in the kitchen, where dried red peppers grace the walls and a Canada goose hangs from the ceiling. Wrapped in four layers of buttered paper, a haunch of venison roasts on a spit in the fireplace. At dinner it will be served with a sauce of red wine heavily sweetened with sugar. One woman rolls dough for bread dumplings between her hands; another bakes a pound cake in a Dutch oven a cast iron pot with legs to hold it over the coals, and a lid with a rim around the edge so that more coals can be piled on top.

Visitors who arrive too late to watch dinner being prepared can witness its consumption. In the Vierling dining room, the family sits down to eat and to discuss the events of the day, apparently oblivious to a dozen sightseers hanging over their shoulders, inspecting their food and eavesdropping on their conversation. In the tavern, four traveling gentlemen in frock coats and side curls enact dinnertime of 1785: They carve off hunks of venison and transfer them to their mouths with knives (since eighteenth century forks had only two tines, they were more useful for immobilizing food than for transporting it). They wipe their greasy mouths and hands on the tablecloth (there were no napkins), stir sugar into their coffee with their knives, and discuss the horrendous roads, General Cornwallis' recent visit to the town, and a group of hotheads in the western mountains who want to secede from North Carolina and form the sovereign state of Franklin.

Salem was founded by Moravians, a Protestant sect that formally broke with the Church of Rome in 1457, sixty years before Martin Luther nailed his famous theses to the church door. Although the church had adherents throughout Europe, most were centered in Moravia (now part of Czechoslovakia) and thus gave the church their name. After centuries of persecution, the dissenters looked abroad for a place to practice their religion freely and for opportunities to spread the gospel. America offered land for the former and a native population for the latter.

A Community of Craftsmen

A NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK, Old Salem is a restored frontier settlement in central North Carolina, far less well known (and crowded) than it deserves to be. Seventy nine preserved or reconstructed buildings, 14 of which are open to the public, radiate from a central square. Built between 1766 and 1856 of logs, brick (some with striking half timbering) or clapboards, the homes and public buildings line broad, tree bordered streets. Costumed staff welcome guests to each building, explain its function and go about the everyday business of 200 years ago candlemaking, blacksmithing, cooking as the original residents did, with the same tools, materials and techniques. To visit Old Salem is to experience life in the country as it used to be lived. Each December, Old Salem re creates Christmas as it was celebrated between 1790 and 1830, with appropriate decorations, music and food. At any season, the town is worth a visit. At Christmas, it is sheer delight.

The Christmas Season

Recipes can provide a taste of the food, if not the atmosphere. Two are as the staff found them, the first from 1796, the second from 1820. The superb York Gingerbread is in a contemporary format.

Potatoes With Mustard Recipe

Christmas past is captured in Old Salem Christmas traditions, celebrating the American spirit of Christmas past.

Old Salem Christmas Traditions: The FoodTO THE NECESSARY WORK OF Producing and preparing food, the Moravians brought their emphasis on excellence. The kitchen garden behind each house was lush with culinarv herbs ranging from parsley and sage to rosemary and fennel, and many homes had hops arbors, from which the residents brewed beer (they also made brandy and cordials).

"Climb on!" the man exclaimed. With a grin as bright as morning on new snow, the child clambered aboard.

Worship, work, music, family, food the Moravians rejoiced in them all, made them the substance of their days, the focus of their energy and skill. Christmas at Old Salem captures some of that energy and much of that joy.

Like worship and work, music was an everyday part of life; the day began and ended with hymns. At harvesttime, musicians brought their instruments into the fields and celebrated with hymns of thanksgiving. When the roof beam of a new house went up, a trumpeter balanced on it and played an anthem or two. Children learned an instrument young, and the Moravian orchestras the earliest in America, complete with violins, French horns, bassoons, clarinet played not only religious music but the works of Mozart and Haydn as well.

Inside, sugar cookies dangle from scarlet ribbons in the window of the tobacconist's shop. A scrawny little pine hung with miniature red and green lady apples, pinecones, red bows and black and white striped guinea feathers stands on a table in the corner. Several houses have Moravian pyramids, triangular wooden structures whose shelves hold greenery and burning candles. Here and there is a "putz," a group of small nativity figures carved from wood and used to instruct the children in the Christmas story. Fires burn in kitchens and living rooms, and houses glow with more candles than thrifty housewives would have allowed at less festive seasons.

Religion and economics meshed neatly. Designed to help the church minister to the needs of the spirit, the choir system formed a kind of medieval craft guild. At 14, when a boy left home for the single brothers' house, he was apprenticed to a master craftsman, with whom he remained until he was 21, when he became a journeyman and was free to practice his trade. As long as he was single, he remained in the brothers' house, and part of his income went to his choir. (Rarely has a community provided so powerful an inducement to the altar.)

Chestnut Stuffing Recipe

Like so much else, food had a spiritual dimension. On important occasions the Moravians held a "lovefeast," a service that included singing hymns and breaking bread together, usually a simple meal of coffee and sweet buns. On Christmas Eve, the town staged a lovefeast for its children, each of whom was given a candle tied with a ribbon (symbolizing the birth of Women Canada Goose Montebello Parka Navy Nz Sale Jesus, the light of the world) and a Bible verse. In later years, the festivities were extended to adults as well. So today, when interpreters re create village life in general and Christmas in particular, food plays a prominent part. With the zeal for authenticity that characterizes the keepers of Old Salem, the Domestic Skills staff, several of whom have degrees in history, see to it that everything is historically accurate including Christmas dinner.

"Say Merry Christmas!" boomed the driver. The boy hesitated, examined the statement for the traps adults like to set, found none, and said cautiously, "Merry Christmas."

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"First take some chestnuts, roast them very carefully, so as not to burn them; take off the skin and peel them; take about a dozen of them cut small, and bruise them in a mortar; parboil the liver of the fowl, bruise it, cut about a quarter of a pound of ham or bacon, and pound it; then mix them all together, with a good deal of parsley chopped small, a little sweet herbs [the most popular were parsley, sage and thyme], some mace, pepper, salt and nutmeg; mix these together and put into your fowl and roast it."

Christmas Customs: An Old Salem ChristmasTHE STURDY LITTLE BOY CAME barreling across the town square in Old Salem and pulled up in front of a man in eighteenth century breeches and vest, who was loading sightseers onto a wagon hitched to two patient black Percherons.

In 1753 a vanguard of 15 "brothers" made their way "over very high, terrible mountains and cliffs," as one wrote, into the piedmont of central North Carolina and established a temporary settlement, while their leaders planned a town to be called Salem, from the Hebrew word for "peace". By 1772 enough buildings were complete for the settlers to move in.